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〔JICA Guatemala; Life Improvement Approach in "The Project for the Capacity Development of Local Governments"〕

JICA-Net Multimedia-based Learning Materials Sample Activities[JICA Guatemala; Life Improvement Approach in 'The Project for the Capacity Development of Local Governments']

To gain more effective result based on Japan's experience

Training of city extension workers

JICA Technical Cooperation "The Project for the Capacity Development of Local Governments" (FY2013-2016) in Guatemala focused on installing a city plan of social development that utilized life improvement approach toward impoverished region in the country. Consequently, the project achieved implementation of developing suitable model of life improvement approach considering with the country's situation, developing capacity of extension workers, installing the plans in seven cities which designated as models.

Multimedia-based learning material (hereinafter called 'material') "The Lessons from Livelihood Improvement Experiences in Postwar Japan" was already utilized during the project term. In order to disseminate the planning model toward other cities and from the viewpoint of importance on the education for extension worker who become the key of activities, we planned to visualize our new material "Documentary Life Improvement Approach - Experience in Guatemala based on the Experience of Japan-" in Guatemala office, as PR version (8 min.) to promote life improvement approach in Guatemala and learning material version (30 min.) to use in training of extension workers.

Recording a video

Upon making of learning material, we requested the local movie production company to watch "The Lessons from Livelihood Improvement Experiences in Postwar Japan" and held meetings with them many time in order to understand the concept of life improvement approach, various approaches in JICA's Technical Cooperation and what will the movie aim to inform. Consequently, production period had been extended than we planned, however it was truly important process when we were going to product the media program.
Moreover, to let audiences know the development of modern Japan by visual images, we quoted the parts of movie from "The Lessons from Livelihood Improvement Experiences in Postwar Japan" into our program. Due to the limitation of secondary use copyright, we were not able to use all of the images we wanted to quote, however, to resolve its insufficiency in trainings, screening both materials, "The Lessons from Livelihood Improvement Experiences in Postwar Japan" and "Documentary Life Improvement Approach - Experience in Guatemala based on the Experience of Japan-" this time we produced, it may easy to compare "Japan's experience in the past" with "Guatemala's experience", become useful way to increase interest and understanding toward the audiences.

Result of synergy

Community meeting

Regarding the Material "The Lessons from Livelihood Improvement Experiences in Postwar Japan", the audiences passed their remark about Japanese reconstruction achievement under quite severe surrounding in postwar era, effectiveness of life improvement approach in rural area, and understanding for importance of life improvement extension workers' role. Also regarding "Documentary Life Improvement Approach - Experience in Guatemala based on the Experience of Japan-", the audiences gave their comments of comprehension as Japan's experiences tried to be installed into Guatemala, or as importance of awareness of "Thinking farmer" against Guatemala's people who have much tendency of reliance on their central government. Using the both materials gain synergy effects, furthermore, audiovisual teaching material is particularly understandable and useful to the people who is not good at reading and writing in rural agricultural area.

Prospects in future utilization

In Guatemala, poverty reduction and nutrition improvement are placed as the key policies. Concerning against life improvement approaches arise gradually higher as the measures of solution for their tasks. Therefore, when our Guatemala office get some inquiry from the parties concerned, or have a meeting of ministries level, or in the development committee of prefectures level (the development conference with representatives from ministries of each prefecture, governors, mayors, etc.), or in symposium held by JICA, etc., we explain the availability of life improvement approach in 30 min. with using both materials, "The Lessons from Livelihood Improvement Experiences in Postwar Japan" and "Documentary Life Improvement Approach - Experience in Guatemala based on the Experience of Japan-".
Hereafter, we will also find the possibility of the materials utilizing toward extension workers and the persons who are going to try to implement life improvement approach in their action.

Doubtlessly "The Lessons from Livelihood Improvement Experiences in Postwar Japan" is the useful material for all of actor in the world who target on improving the life quality through life improvement approach, also the approach become noteworthy in Latin America today, we expect the material which we produced will be utilized as one of sharing experiences in this area.

Kaname Sugimoto
JICA Guatemala Office

*The Material(s) mainly applied

"The Lessons from Livelihood Improvement Experiences in Postwar Japan"

This material was made for Japanese organizations that help developing countries as a reference for their development assistance work. Currently, in each livelihood improvement project, there is a tendency to introduce improved kamados, as just an input activity, without considering the social context, and handicraft or food processing are introduced as a livelihood improvement project just because income improvement is the main objective. Therefore, this material is designed to deepen the understanding through example cases based on 5 key ideas: farm village development, poverty reduction, production activities compatible with the target group's lifestyle, participatory development, and synergetic effects between administrations and residents.

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"Documentary Life Improvement Approach - Experience in Guatemala based on the Experience of Japan-"

During the period of JICA Technical Cooperation "The Project for the Capacity Development of Local Governments" in Guatemala, being Presidential Planning Agency (Segeplan) as the counterpart, utilized "life improvement approach" and planned to develop local governments' capacity for implementing their social development projects. This video was produced for expanding the project achievement and will be a contributory material to leverage "life improvement approach" on rural area development in Latin America.
(Spanish version only)

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