To ensure a security of everyday-life
In today's world, conflicts are breaking out and continuing, forcing many people to become refugees or internally displaced and impeding their return to homeland where they grew up. What is needed when those people return to their communities to restore their livelihood again from zero while the foundation of life has been destroyed? How can they ensure security of community during the rebuilding process? These are the challenges faced by conflict-affected countries and regions.
Project in Acholi
In northern part of Republic of Uganda, approximately 2 million citizens became internally displaced due to conflict that started in late 1980s and continued for about 20 years. Poverty rate of northern Uganda, where the conflict was most intense, once reached 60%. Meanwhile, Cote d'Ivoire experienced about 5 years of political turmoil which started in 2002, and the northern part of the country, the region controlled by antigovernment forces, saw public services suspension, decline in living standard of citizens and poverty rate of 77%.
After the conflicts, JICA conducted two projects: Project for Capacity Building of Local Government on Implementation of Community Development Project in Acholi Sub-Region [A-CAP] in Uganda and Project on Human Resource Development for Strengthening Local Administration in Central and Northern Areas [PCN-CI] in Cote d'Ivoire, to enable local government agencies to provide necessary services and gain trust from citizens again, despite many challenges such as deteriorated government functions, lack of basic social infrastructure and the society fatigued by the conflicts. In this learning material," Capacity Development of Local Government in Conflict-Affected Countries ~Examples of Uganda and Cote d'Ivoire~", we introduce our initiatives in Uganda and Cote d'Ivoire, highlighting the roles and importance of local government officers in conflict-affected countries, while also giving specific examples of capacity development assistance JICA provided to such government officers.
Promotion of understanding through moving images
The leaning material being used in training
Why is "capacity development of local government" important in conflict-affected countries and regions?
This learning material sheds light on how JICA supports capacity development of prefectural/county/city government officers in charge of community development and what kind of changes were brought about in these communities during implementation of the projects. The material, while including scenes from the communities and interviews of community members, also discusses special consideration to give when dealing with conflict-affected countries.
Government officers receiving training in Japan
This material has been used to provide actual examples through moving images to local government officers in countries with similar problems, to inform them of what kind of programs and approaches are useful for improving public services and gaining trust from residents. Currently, JICA is conducting Project for Capacity Development of Local Government for Strengthening Community Resilience in Acholi and West Nile Sub-Regions [WA-CAP], a succeeding project of A-CAP, in Uganda expanding the scope to more regions. We provide DVDs of this material to local government officers [including the ones appear in the interviews in the video] in 16 prefectures of Acholi and West Nile Sub-Regions, so that such concerned parties can systematically learn what kind of local administration WA-CAP aims to achieve and what kind of roles and importance local government agencies have. During country-focused training held in Cote d'Ivoire in July 2017, participants commented that it was "very helpful" to know about cases in Uganda, that faces similar challenges as their country does.
This material will be used in Capacity Development of Local Government for Community Rebuilding in Conflict-Affected Countries, an issue-specific training program slated to start in FY2018. It will also be shown in internal study meetings within JICA.
I hope it will be further utilized as a tool for many concerned parties to help them understand specific roles of local government agencies that can ensure secure society.
Infrastructure and Peacebuilding Department
*The Material(s) mainly applied
"Capacity Development of Local Government in Conflict-Affected Countries ~Examples of Uganda and Cote d'Ivoire~"
This material explains JICA's peacebuilding efforts through capacity development of local government in conflict-affected countries. Examples of Uganda and Cote d'Ivoire are introduced to explain the relevance of community rebuilding to peacebuilding and the roles of local government therein.