Preparing materials to support understanding
In March 2017, the government issued new teaching guideline for elementary and junior high schools. The guideline puts emphasis on "capacity to live in the globalizing international society in an active manner". In 2015, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were formulated in the United Nations Summit, to call for both developing and developed countries, including Japan, to make effort to achieve those goals. Closer to home, capacity to cope with people with different values is increasingly important, as more and more foreigners are coming to Japan to visit or to live toward the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games.
Video-based learning material covering four themes
Against such a backdrop, there are growing needs to further promote understanding of global issues and different cultures in the field of education. However, opportunites to actually conduct such international understanding/development education activities are limited. One reason is that teachers are far too busy with their daily tasks to prepare for classes on such new topics. This is why JICA Global Plaza created these video materials titled "Teaching materials for school about 'Refugees', 'Islam', 'Official Development Assistant' and 'School Education'", along with teaching guidance and reference materials, in order to make it easier for teachers to have international/development education classes.
To shift viewpoint from "their business" to "my business"
As we developed this learning material, we focused on just providing facts. It's because we wanted it to be a tool that users can use to derive their own answers, instead of conveying clear messages through the material. We hope that users organize classes freely, and students or trainees exchange their thoughts on what they see, to find out their own answers.
Discussion and sharing of lesson plan using the material
The material comprises four themes of refugees, Islam, official development assistance and school education. It's composed of videos filmed at JICA development project sites and news films from the world, to show diverse aspects of each theme. It's designed primarily for the use in junior high/high schools' social studies class, but can be utilized for other subjects and schools. Each theme is introduced in less than 10 minutes so that it can easily fit in 50-minute class period. The material is composed of several parts so users can freely plan classes by choosing one of them, or picking two or more and show in desired order, or even combining with other videos, depending on their objectives.
One specific use example at actual field of education is Development Education Teachers Training Course (Practice Phase) held on August 1-2, 2017, about one month after the release of the material. At this training, 23 elementary, junior high and high school teachers from all over Japan discussed the following four topics in groups divided by theme, regarding how they should make lesson plans using the learning material.
Trying on Muslim scarf as part of promotion of understanding
1．Why do I choose this theme? (Purpose)
2．What do I want students to learn? (Contents)
3．How can they learn? (Means)
4． What can be pulled out from students? (Development)
Teachers participated in the training discussed topics such as: "How can we have students know that there are many different values, cultures and customs, and to learn to respect and accept each other? (Islam)", "How can we let students learn about global issues and perceive them as their own problems and think actively and act continually as members of society? (Refugees)", "How can we convey accurate information in a limited class period and convince students to take it as "their own business? (Refugees)", "What can we do in the class to make students realize the value of school education? (Education)", and "How can we tell the meaning of development assistance and challenges of SDGs, focusing on connecting points of the world and Japan? (Development Assistance)". The teachers plan to utilize the material in the classes from 2nd semester and onward, based on what they learned at the training course.
JICA Global Plaza has been requested not only by teachers across Japan, but also by citizens' groups and former JOCVs to provide the material for their classes and seminars. Although the materials' main target is junior high/high schools, we hope it to be utilized not only at schools, but also by other groups, so that it can help citizens deepen understanding on our society.
*The following link includes teaching guideline for using the learning material compiled by practicing high school teachers, as well as reference material edited by persons with strong background of international cooperation.[Japanese]
Global Plaza Division
Office of Media and Public Relations
*The Material(s) mainly applied
Teaching materials for school about "Refugees", "Islam", "Official Development Assistant" and "School Education"
This video material is composed of videos filmed at JICA project sites and news/interview films produced by news agencies across the world including NHK, so that it can be easily used at schools. With running time of about 10 minutes for each topic, it covers the following four themes: Refugees, Islam, Official Development Assistance, and Education.
Refugees: 1) People fleeing their countries 2) Life after migration 3) Refugee acceptance by country
Islam: 1) Overview of Islam 2) Islam in the world 3) Discrimination against Muslims 4) Muslims living in Japan
International Cooperation/ODA: What is international cooperation/ODA? 2) Japan's international cooperation efforts and examples of ODA projects 3) International cooperation to jointly solve problems
Education: 1) Education challenges in Niger, Africa 2) "Schools for all" project for solving problems 3) Results of "Schools for all" project