Asian Region and JICA's joint-effort to deliver messages
A scene from the Meeting of Disaster Risk Reduction Organizations in Asian Region
On November 9, 2017, JICA held a meeting titled Disaster Risk Reduction Organizations in Asian Region on the sidelines of a thematic training program, Promotion of Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction, attended by members of disaster reduction organizations in Asian countries. The goal of this meeting was to provide a forum to share situations regarding each country's local disaster risk reduction plan and prior investment for it. Participants outlined their efforts and exchanged opinions, and agreed to support joint-effort of disaster reduction organizations in Asia and JICA to continuously deliver message to the world.
The multimedia-based learning material, "Local Disaster Risk Reduction Plan:Creation and Implementation by Local Governments and Communities ~Case Study of Kuroshio Town, Kochi Prefecture, Japan~ we screened in the reception venue aftrer the meeting, focus the planning process of Disaster Risk Reduction plan in Kuroshio town [Chida district, Kochi prefecture] as an example with visual image, point out how to built up Disaster Risk Reduction plan in local governments which thier budget are not enough.
What we can learn from Kuroshio Town
Construction of tsunami evacuation tower
Kuroshio Town is one of the municipalities where great damage from earthquake is predicted, according to the "New Assumption on Damages of Nankai Trough Mega-earthquake" published in 2012. The town, despite pessimistic outlook and mood of resignation prevailing among the majority, transformed itself to the region with most advanced disaster risk reduction measures in only two years.
While promotion of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, which was adopted at the 3rd United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction is expected, many national and local governments are challenged by the gap between goal and reality, even though they are fully aware of importance of prior investment. Meanwhile, Kuroshio Town, under strong leadership from the mayor and all-out effort of the town office for disaster risk reduction measures, has established a system to closely communicate with citizens and formulated a disaster reduction plan primarily lead by the residents reflecting local needs. It also accurately understands "residual risks", that change as structure reinforcement measures advance, and also has identified most-threatening disaster risks in the region. These allow the town to specify necessary measures for mitigating those risks and to systematically plan a budget.
We believe that Kuroshio Town's continuous effort will be a perfect and adoptable example for the members of disaster risk reduction organizations in other countries/regions and can be utilized to raise people's awareness on disaster risk reduction.
Screening at exhibition booth
A Tool to share a case example
A Filipino disaster risk reduction officer, after closely watching the whole video, commented that he would like to take a copy of it and share with his people. This learning material is useful because moving images make it easier to concretely understand the message. In addition, we showed it in JICA booth at the World Bosai Forum on November 25 and successfully supported JICA's presentation that urged formulation of local disaster risk reduction strategy by 2020.
We hope the material will be more and more utilized and screened at domestic organizations or at thematic issue trainings, and to introduce best practices to local governments in Japan also.
Disaster Risk Reduction Group Team 2
JICA Global Environment Department
*The Material(s) mainly applied
Local Disaster Risk Reduction Plan:Creation and Implementation by Local Governments and Communities ~Case Study of Kuroshio Town, Kochi Prefecture, Japan~
This material introduces Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, especially highlighting Target E, a program to increase the number of countries where national and local disaster reduction plan is formulated by 2020. It details Sendai Framework and explains the purpose and roles of local disaster risk reduction plan using examples in Japan. We created this video to be used as a tool to effectively outline key points of JICA's disaster risk reduction initiatives to target viewers including JICA trainees who participate in disaster risk reduction training courses and those involved in JICA technical assistance projects. We also believe this material is an effective tool for those engaged in disaster risk reduction activities both in and out of Japan to understand JICA's disaster management cooperation.